В связи с тем, что я продолжаю готовиться к CPE, продолжаю публиковать списки слов, которые однажды могут оказаться полезными. Они встречались в разных вариантах реального и пробного теста, и найдены на различных ресурсах. Все слова вперемешку. Лексика, разделенная на смысловые и тематические группы появится позже. 

  • Gem: дагоценность, потрясающая находка (переносное). E.g. This picture is the gem (= the best) of the collection. A gem of a place. She’s a real gem!
  • Sight unseen: кот в мешке — if you buy something sight unseen, you do not have an opportunity to see it before you buy it. E.g. I bought it sight unseen.
  • Crate: crate something (up) упаковать что-то в ящик. E.g. Any extra parts will have to be crated and shipped separately.
  • Swirl: водоворот, обвивать E.g. The water swirled down the drain. A long skirt swirled around her ankles. Swirling mists.
  • Tatty: оборванный, несвежий. E.g. a tatty carpet.

 

  • Plonk: plonk something + adv./prep. уронить с грохотом, бросить E.g. He plonked the books down on the table. Just plonk your bag anywhere.
  • Crank something up: ускорить, сделать громче, интенсивнее. E.g. Crank up the volume!
  • Head somebodyˈoff: преграждать, помешать, препятствовать. E.g. We’ll head them off at the bridge!
  • Peer: вглядываться, всматриваться E.g. We peered into the shadows. He went to the window and peered out. She kept peering over her shoulder. He peered closely at the photograph.
  • Hire purchase: покупка в рассрочку. E.g.  We’re buying a new cooker on hire purchase. We offer very generous hire purchase terms.

 

  • Thumbing: thumb through something: пролистывать. E.g. I was thumbing through my address book to see who we could invite.
  • Catch: подвох. E.g. All that money for two hours’ work—what’s the catch?
  • Waft: /wɒft/ доноситься. E.g. The sound of their voices wafted across the lake. Delicious smells wafted up from the kitchen.
  • Plainly: ясно, отчетливо. E.g. The sea was plainly visible in the distance. The lease plainly states that all damage must be paid for.
  • Churlish: /ˈtʃɜːlɪʃ/ грубый, неучтивый, неприветливый.  E.g. It would be churlish to refuse such a generous offer.

 

  • Muster: muster something (up) собрать столько поддержки, мужества и тд, сколько сможешь.   E.g. We mustered what support we could for the plan. She left the room with all the dignity she could muster. He could muster only 154 votes at the election.
  • get, have, etc. a free ˈhand: свобода действий, карт бланш. E.g. I was given a free hand in designing the syllabus.
  • Spanner: гаечный ключ E.g. I’ll need a spanner to change the back wheel.
  • (throw) a ˈspanner in the works: вставлять палки в колеса E.g. We were hoping to get the project started in June but the funding was withdrawn so that rather threw a spanner in the works. The sudden withdrawal of the guest speaker really threw a spanner in the works.
  • Contraption: /kənˈtræpʃn/ новое хитроумное устройство, изобретение, штука. E.g. She showed us a strange contraption that looked like a satellite dish.

 

  • Zeal: zeal (for/in something) (formal) рвение, старание, усердие. E.g. her missionary/ reforming/ religious/ political zeal.
  • Piety: /ˈpaɪəti/ набожность; the state of being pious.
  • High-minded: (of people or ideas) люди со стойкими моральными приныипами. E.g. rich high-minded Victorians.